Glossary of Wrestling Card Terms
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6-Up Sheet: Uncut sheet of six cards; typically base set or promo cards.

9-Up Sheet: Uncut sheet of nine cards; typically base set or promo cards.

Acetate: A transparent plastic.

Authorized Issue: An issue or set of cards that has the consent of the given wrestling organization or wrestler.

Autographed Card: A card which has been autographed by the wrestler depicted on the card. An autograph is
either signed "On Card" or on a manufacture's official hologram sticker, which is placed on the card.

Base Set: Complete set of base cards for a particular card series.

BC: Bonus Card.

Border: The part of a card that surrounds the photo. Traditionally, most cards were printed with white borders, while
many modern cards have colored borders or even no borders whatsoever (full bleed). A card's centering is based on
how well these borders are aligned.

Box: Original manufacturer's container of multiple packs, often 24 to 36 packs per box.

Box Topper Card: Card included in a factory sealed box. Card issued on a box.
Blister Pack: Factory plastic bubble pack of cards or packs, for retail peg-hanger sales.

Brick: A group of 50 or more cards having common characteristics that is intended to be bought, sold, or traded as a
unit.

Cabinet Card: An oversized card that was issued by tobacco manufacturers. They were commonly produced on a
thick cardboard stock and available as premiums in the 19th and early 20th century.

Card Show: An exchange composed of sports card dealers displaying their items for sale and trade.

Card Stock: What a wrestling card is printed on. Normally, manufacturers used heavy paper or cardboard. Today,
cardboard is still the norm, although some manufactures have tried plastic. See Acetate.

Case: Factory-sealed crate filled with card boxes, often six to twelve card boxes per case.

C.C.G: Collectible Card Game.

Certificate of Authenticity (COA): A statement of the legitimacy of an item (often an autograph), printed on a piece
of paper, thin cardboard, or plastic, that is furnished to the buyer by the seller. Certificates of authenticity can be
issued by the seller or a third party authentication service. The validity of the certificate of authenticity depends upon
the integrity and knowledge of the seller or authentication service.

Chase Card: Card, or cards, included as a bonus in a factory sealed case.

Checklist: A list of cards in any one set or series. Checklists can be found in books, and in price guides, although
the term is more commonly used for checklist cards, which are often included in wrestling card sets. Checklists are
intended as aids for collectors and commonly include small boxes that can be checked when the card is obtained.

Checklist Card: A card that lists in order the cards and wrestlers in the set or series.

Chrome Cards: This refers to a specific card technology where a foil card is manufactured with a hard plastic top
layer, thereby giving the card a nice polished sheen.

Collector: A person who accumulates a specific group of wrestling cards for fun, education, pride of ownership,
and/or, sometimes, profitable purposes.

Collector Issue: A set of cards produced primarily to be sold to collectors and not issued as a premium to be given
away or sold with a commercial product. Collector issues fall into two categories: authorized (meaning the issue was
made with the approval of the wrestling organization or wrestler) or unauthorized (meaning the issue was made
without approval).

Common: A term used to describe a card that is not a rookie. "Singles" has also become a widely acceptable term
for commons.

Complete Set: A complete run of cards from a given release. A set includes one of each common numbered card
produced.

Cut Signature: A signature that has been literally "cut" away from a check, card, letter, photograph, or notebook on
which it was originally signed.

Die-Cut: A card that has been cut or perforated by the manufacturer. Many modern cards come die-cut in a variety
of shapes and sizes. Cuts are usually located around the wrestler's picture, so the card could be folded in half, and
the wrestlers' photo could stand-up.

Embossed Card: Card with a raised surface.

Error Card: A card that contains a mistake. An error card may have an incorrect photo, a misspelled name or
incorrect statistical information.
Event-Used Card: A card that has a piece or "swatch" of an event worn or used item embedded into the card. These
are often thicker than regular issue cards.

Exhibit Card: A larger-type card that is roughly the size of a postcard. Exhibit cards were commonly sold in arcades
and were produced from the 1920s to the 1960s.

Extended Rookie Card: A card released in an extended or limited set outside of the regular issued set of the major
company.

Facsimile Autograph: A stamped or printed reproduction of an autograph as it might appear on a card.

Factory Set: An entire set of cards that was packaged by the manufacturer for sale to the public. These sets usually
include a distinct box with a security seal or inner-packing to secure the cards.

Factory Set Case: A sealed case from the manufacturer that contains a given number of complete, factory-collated
sets.

Fake: Not genuine. A forgery or counterfeit.

Foil Box: A box of cards that contains foil or metallic packs. Boxes commonly contain 36 packs.

Foil Cards: Cards containing a foil, metallic or "glossy" finish.

Foil Case: A wholesale packaging of foil or metallic boxes.

Foil Packs: A group of cards that are packaged by the manufacturer for retail sale. These packs are so named for
their foil or metallic packaging.

Food Premium: A set of cards either inserted in packages of food (hot dogs, cereal, popcorn, potato chips, candy,
cookies, etc.) or offered as a send-in-offer by a food company.

Forgery: A bogus reproduction purposely manufactured to deceive collectors into believing they are purchasing the
real thing. A fake or counterfeit.

Gloss: The shine on the surface of a card.

Glossy Set: A set of cards that have a more-glossy-than-normal front.

Gum Card: A term used to describe a card issued with gum, most commonly, Topps.

Gum Stain: A stain on a card that is caused by gum. When gum was inserted in packs, it was placed on top of the
pack, between the wrapper and the card. Over time, the gum would stain the card.
Hobby Box: Item sold mainly to collectors, through stores that deal exclusively in collectible cards. Usually contains
some items not included in the retail offerings.
Hologram: A three-dimensional photographic image.

In Action: An action shot of a wrestler.

Indy or Independent Card: A card that features a wrestler or wrestlers from an independent wrestling promotion.
Most independent wrestling cards have low print runs and are difficult to locate.

Insert Card: Cards which are randomly inserted into packs, at various ratios (e.g. 1 card per 24 packs). An Insert
Card is often different from the base set, in appearance and numbering. Also known as chase cards.

Lenticular Card: A card that appears to be three-dimensional as it is moved.

Limited Edition: A term often used by card manufacturers to indicate scarcity and what a card or card set will be
limited to.

Master Set: Includes all cards from the base set, insert sets, promos, mail-in cards, sketch, and autograph cards.

Metallic: A glossy design method that enhances card features.

Mini: A smaller version of a regular card.

Non-Sport: Short for "non-sport card."

Non-Sport Card: A card that pictures a topic other than sports. Wrestlers, entertainers, movies, and TV shows are
among the more popular.

Obverse: The front of the card displaying the picture.
Oversized Card: Any base, common, insert, or other card not of standard or wide-vision size.

Pack: A group of cards that are sealed by the manufacturer for retail sale. Packs commonly contain base cards with
the potential of insert cards. Packs typically contain five to eight cards per pack. Packs are usually plastic or foil wrap.

Parallel Card: A modified base card, which may contain extra foil stamping, hologram stamping or alternate
bordering which distinguishes the card from the base card.

Premium: An item issued as an advertising extra. In most cases, collectors have had to send away to the companies
or manufacturers to receive a "premium".

Price Guide: A list of estimated values for wrestling cards. Today, there are a handful of wrestling card price guides
such as the Beckett price guide. However, the most reliable price guide, is
TheWrestlingCardPriceGuide.

Promo or Promotional Card: Cards that are distributed, typically in advance, by the manufacturer to promote
upcoming products.

Puzzle Card: A card whose back contains a part of a picture which, when joined correctly with other puzzle cards,
forms the completed picture.

Rack Box: A box containing rack packs.

Rack Case: A wholesale unit that includes three or six rack boxes.

Rack Pack: Packs designed for retail sale. These clear packs usually contain three panels of cards, which are
designed to hang from store displays.

Rare: Difficult to obtain and limited in number.

Rarity: used to describe a truly rare card as in, "that's a rarity."

Redemption: A program established by card manufacturers which allows collectors to mail in a redemption card in
return for special cards, sets, or other prizes not available through packs.

Redemption Card: an insert card found in packs which are mailed to the manufacturer for special cards, sets, or
prizes not available through packs.

Refractor: A card that features a design element that enhances (distorts) its color/appearance through deflecting
light. This refers to a specific card technology used in chrome or foil cards, many times as a parallel. This technology
'refracts' the light off the surface of the card to give it a nice colorful shine. Refractor cards are commonly used as
inserts.  

Regional Set: A set issued only in a specific geographic area. These sets are usually smaller and feature wrestlers
from independent wrestling promotions. Most regional sets have low print runs and are difficult to locate.

Reprint: A card that is a reproduction of an original.

Retail Card: Cards, packs, boxes, and cases sold to the public, typically via large retail stores, such as Target,
K-mart or Wal-Mart.

Rookie Card (RC): A rookie card is the first card produced of a wrestler which is part of a nationally distributed and
fully licensed wrestling card set. A rookie card designation is extended to the first wrestling card produced and
released in a single year. A true rookie card must be numbered as part of a product's base set. What is not a rookie
card [
LINK]

Sell Sheet: Usually one page, but increasingly becoming multiple pages as well as fold-outs. As a result of the
Internet, sell sheets are now typically distributed in digital form to trading card media outlets so collectors can preview
sets months before they are released.

Set: A complete run of cards from a given release. The set would contain a base set and all readily available insert
sets. However, does not include promos, mail-in cards, sketch, or autograph cards.

Set Case: A case that comes from the card manufacturer that typically holds 20 or more complete sets of a release.

Short Print: A card that is printed in lesser numbers than other cards in the same set. Generally, short prints have a
print run of half that of the other cards.
Sketch or Art Card: Insert card that feature near-one-of-a-kind artists sketches or drawings.

Stand-Ups: Refers to a type of card which was die cut around the wrestler's picture. The background section then
could be folded in half, so the card could stand up by itself while the wrestler's picture stood alone.

Standard Size Card: A card which measures 2 1/2" X 3 1/2" tall.

Sticker: A card with a removable layer that can be affixed to another surface.

Sub-Set: The more common use of this term is 'Insert Card/Set' - It usually refers to a grouping of cards within an
entire Set that are related.
Swatch: Insert card which features a mounted piece of clothing from a wrestler's costume.
Tattoos: Transferable images that depict a wrestler or logo.

Super-Fractor: See Refractor.

T.C.G: Trading Card Game

Test Run: set or sampling of cards issued by a manufacturer in limited supply, in order to test its marketability.

Tin: Factory metal can which is typically filled with cards or packs, often with inserts.

Tobacco Card: A card which was issued and inserted into tobacco products as a cigarette pack stiffener.

Unauthorized Issue: An issue or set of cards that does not have the consent of the given wrestling organization or
wrestler.

Uncut Sheet: A sheet of cards that has not been cut by the factory into individual cards. Most uncut sheets contain
132 cards. Sheets consist of uncut base, insert, promo, or other cards.

Unreleased Card: Card printed by the manufacturer, but not officially distributed for a variety of reasons. Often
leaked to the public, sometimes improperly. Not to be confused with promo cards.

Variant: A card that is different, usually subtly, from its more common counterpart in any set. Some variations are
error cards that were corrected by the manufacturers, while other variations might be as simple as a color change in
the background of the card.

Vintage: A term usually intended to indicate an item was issued or produced quite some time ago. For example, a
"vintage" wrestling card versus a "modern" wrestling card.

Wax Pack: A pack of cards, named for its traditional form of packaging: wax-coated paper that is sealed shut at the
factory by simply applying heat. Wax packs may contain anywhere from one to 15 cards.

Wrapper: Usually paper, wax, or cellophane used to cover and encase a group of trading cards. Original pack
cover, often with collectible variations.

Wrestling Card: A non-sports card which depicts a professional wrestler. Professional wrestling cards are an ever
growing collectible in the non-sports market. The first professional wrestling card was issued in 1887. However, a
national market for wrestling cards emerged in the mid 1980's.

X-Fractor: See Refractor.
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